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Corn production in South Africa
Corn (Zea mays L.) or maize as it is known in South Africa, is the largest produced field crop and is planted throughout the country under diverse environments. South Africa is the main maize producer on the African continent. Approximately 14 million tons of maize is produced annually on 2.5 million hectares of land, of which 7.7 million tons and 6.2 million tons is white- and yellow maize respectively. In developed countries, yellow maize is consumed mainly as a second-cycle produce, in the form of meat, eggs and dairy products. In Africa, white maize is consumed directly and serves as staple diet for some 200 million people. In South Africa yellow maize is used predominantly for animal feed as well as for cereals and snack products.
AFGRI Milling has achieved FSSC 22000 certification, which is the worldwide, preferred and accepted Food Safety Standard.
Maize quality and characteristics
Due to maize being produced across a variety of climatic conditions, quality differs. The maximum moisture content on which the maize crop is taken into storage is 14% and the majority of maize is stored at a moisture level content of 12.5%. The natural drying of South African maize add to the ultimate quality of the maize. Maize with a high percentage hard endosperm is the maize of choice when producing quality maize grits. The hardness ensures higher yields and the rich colour enhances the visual attractiveness for the consumer.
Maize seed comprises of various growth classes and includes conventional, stalk borer resistant, glyphosate herbicide tolerant and stacked gene hybrids that incorporate both genes. The latter hybrids are often referred to as Genetically Modified Organisms or GMO’s.