BUSINESS DAY: Mandatory sale of Bank of Athens adds another string to AFGRI’s bow

Bank of Athens’ parent, the National Bank of Greece, was compelled to sell its 99.81% interest in the bank as part of an agreement with the European Stability Mechanism

The South African Bank of Athens’ parent company was forced to offload its South African subsidiary, which had R1.5bn in deposits and R2.3bn in assets at the end of 2016, in terms of European Central Bank (ECB) conditions.

Afgri has snapped up the Greek bank’s interest, but declines to say at what price.

The agricultural services company is unwilling to divulge its plans for Bank of Athens, which Reserve Bank records show obtained the bulk of its deposits from the private non-financial corporate sector and households, while its two largest asset groups comprise residential mortgages and commercial and other mortgage advances.

This differs from Afgri’s R12bn debtors’ book, built up through Unigro Farmer Lending, Unigro Insurance Brokers and GroCapital Financial Services on behalf of the Land Bank. The Land Bank provides financial services to agribusiness.

Afgri CEO Chris Venter could not comment on how Bank of Athens’ clients complemented Afgri’s offering before the deal won regulatory approval.

“We … require all approvals. Afgri views this as a change in the holding structure, which will provide benefits to our clients.”

Afgri said on Tuesday that it had applied for regulatory approvals from the Reserve Bank, the minister of finance and the competition authorities.

Bank of Athens’ parent, the National Bank of Greece, was compelled to sell its 99.81% interest in the bank as part of an agreement with the European Stability Mechanism, which injected €2.71bn in capital in December 2015 after the ECB found a €4.6bn capital shortfall at the bank.

The ECB required National Bank of Greece to “dispose of noncore assets outside Greece” as a condition of the bail-out.

The rest of the shortfall was covered through “private means” and bolstered by the bank’s positive third-quarter results for 2015.

The National Bank of Greece is regarded as one of that country’s four systemically important financial institutions.

It expects the deal with Afgri to close within the second half of 2017 and enhance its liquidity by about €55m.

Venter said Afgri was impressed with the strides Bank of Athens had made in specialised offerings, especially in “the application of technology and innovative solutions”.

“Afgri, through its 94-year history, prides itself on knowing agriculture and agricultural cycles … [and is able] to use this knowledge in affording clients access to finance that will assist them through their production cycle,” said Venter.

“This acquisition provides an additional retail and alliance banking platform to current and prospective Afgri customers where deposit-taking and lending is possible.”

AFGRI acquires stake in bank and broadens financial offering

AFGRI Holdings Proprietary Limited (“AFGRI”), the leading agricultural services and food processing company is pleased to announce the potential acquisition of the National Bank of Greece Group’s stake in the South African Bank of Athens Limited (“SABA”), corresponding to 99.81% of the issued share capital (the ‘’Transaction”) of SABA .

The Transaction is subject to customary closing conditions, including, regulatory approvals from the South African Reserve Bank (“SARB”), the South African Minister of Finance as well as the South-African Competition Authorities. AFGRI is liaising with SARB in this regard and is in the process of preparing the prescribed applications for the regulatory approvals under the guidance of appointed advisors.

“AFGRI values the support of clients, depositors and banking partners of the SABA and commits to continue to provide the service excellence they are accustomed to,” said AFGRI CEO, Chris Venter. He went on to say that acquisition would be a further enabler to both AFGRI and SABA customers.

Fairfax Africa Holdings Corporation, the indirect controlling shareholder of AFGRI, has provided its support for the proposed transaction.

SABA was established and has been operational in South Africa since 1947. It offers comprehensive traditional business banking such as lending, transaction banking, treasury and foreign exchange. It is further known for its focus on the development of market leading niche transactional banking offerings in partnership with businesses.

“We are impressed with the strides SABA has made in specialised banking offerings especially as these pertain to the application of technology and innovative solutions,” indicated Venter.

Venter concluded by indicating that the acquisition provides an additional retail and alliance banking platform to current and prospective AFGRI customers where deposit taking and lending is possible and in this way enables AFGRI to continue with its focus of innovation and an enabler to food security.

BUS BYWAY: Large South African Presence at Agritech Expo in April Indicates Strong Interest in Zambia’s Agri Sector

Chisamba, Zambia, March 05, 2017 – “Zambia is an exciting market to explore, not just for South African suppliers to the agriculture sector, but also for South African farmers,” says Liam Beckett, commercial director for the upcoming Agritech Expo Zambia. The award-winning event is owned by the Zambia National Farmers Union (ZNFU) and returns to Chisamba for the fourth time this year from 27-29 April.

He adds, “In certain sectors the South African market has become saturated and many South African companies are looking to branch out across the border, in order to continue their business growth in Africa. In Zambia, there are approximately 400 registered commercial farming professionals, which represents a very lucrative potential market. The Zambian farming sector is also far more advanced than other neighbouring countries and farming methods are also similar to South Africa. Therefore, South African brands and products, such as implements and agro chemicals, are all applicable in Zambia.”

More international pavilions
Last year Agritech Expo Zambia drew a record-breaking attendance of 17 605 visitors. This year even more small-scale, emerging and commercial farmers are expected to descend on the GART research farm in the heart of Zambia’s agri-hub Chisamba, where the latest farming products and services will be showcased. The three-day expo will furthermore feature an even greater international presence with international pavilions from Germany, Zimbabwe, Czech Republic, the Netherlands, the UK and France already confirmed.

Says Liam Beckett, “Just judging from the big increase in international pavilions at Agritech Expo this year, the global interest in Zambia as an agri market is obvious. Already there is major international investment in the country at present as well as projects being planned and if a South African company wants to establish a footprint in Zambia, they need to make sure they grab this business development opportunity now before they miss out.”

The South African companies that have so far booked to exhibit or sponsor at Agritech Expo Zambia include AGRICO, Gallagher Power Fence SA Pty Ltd, Hydraform, Kempston Agri – Claas, Lindsay Africa, Neptun Boot, Organico, Senter 360, Teejet and ROFF. Many other suppliers have headquarters in South Africa, but they are exhibiting as the Zambian branch.

Liam adds, “For South African farmers, Zambia is of interest as there are many new technologies, agro chemicals and commercial farming methods that are available in Zambia that they can learn from. They can also explore renting land on a 99-year lease to expand on their existing South African operations.”

Agritech Expo Zambia will also offer free workshops again, as well as live machinery and product demonstrations and crop trials. New for this year will be specialised agri-sector industry zones and mowing and baling demonstrations.

Multi-award winning Agritech Expo
Agritech Expo Zambia recently won two coveted awards at the ROAR Organiser and Exhibitor Awards in Johannesburg which honour excellence in the exhibition and events industry on the continent. The awards were organised jointly by the Association of African Exhibition Organisers (AAXO) and the Exhibition & Event Association of Southern Africa (EXSA). Agritech Expo won for Best Trade & Consumer Exhibition +12000 sqm and for Distinction in Social Responsibility.

The expo also has an outreach programme at the local Golden Valley Basic School, where, with the assistance of numerous event sponsors, it is assisting the school with much needed infrastructure upgrades, equipment supplies and management of the school’s farm.

As in previous years, Agritech Expo enjoys extensive support from the agri industry with well-known suppliers AFGRI and John Deere returning as platinum sponsors again. Confirmed gold sponsors are Action Auto, Agricon, BHBW, Case Construction, Case Agriculture, Gourock and SARO.

Agritech Expo Zambia is organised by Spintelligent, leading Cape Town-based trade exhibition and conference organiser, and the African office of Clarion Events Ltd, based in the UK. The event is owned by the Zambia National Farmers Union. Other well-known events by Spintelligent include Agritech Expo Tanzania and Agribusiness Congress East Africa.

Agritech Expo Zambia 2017:
Dates: 27-29 April 2017
Location: Gart Research Centre, Chisamba, Zambia

Contact Information:
Agritech Expo Zambia
Annemarie Roodbol
Contact via Email

East Africa recognises AFGRI’s contribution to food security

AFGRI Uganda was recognised by the East African people as the largest contributor towards food security at the annual East Africa Book of Records (EABR) awards.

At the handover ceremony recently held in Uganda, attended by members of AFGRI’s management team, EABR honoured AFGRI with the award for Responsible Consumption and Production in recognition of its sustainable contribution to agriculture in the region.

Jacob de Villiers, Managing Director, Grain Management at AFGRI, says the award proves that AFGRI’s initiatives to assist small scale farmers in the region are paying off.  “AFGRI’s Grain Management business in Uganda began in 2013 with the purpose of managing grain for food security and to prevent post-harvest losses on grain commodities.”

Across the African continent, AFGRI assists farmers to develop subsistence farms into semi-commercial farms in its efforts to ensure food security. AFGRI Grain Management in Uganda incorporates Farmer assistance and mentoring services, grain handling, grain storage and grain marketing.

The EABR aims to inspire ordinary people into doing extraordinary things in line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. At the annual awards ceremony, the EABR recognises ground breaking achievements in various categories and records such achievement by awarding certificates to the winners. Companies in East Africa have been enthusiastic about the possibilities in harnessing the unique appeal of being a record breaker. Previous winners of the East African Award include the President of Uganda Yoweri Museveni and other distinguished individuals and companies.

At the 2017 ceremony, the awards were handed over by the Burundi Ambassador to Uganda standing in for the Speaker of Parliament, Honourable Rebecca Kadaga.

De Villiers concluded by saying that this is a tremendous accolade for AFGRI in support of its vision of being an enabler to food security across the continent.

Highvelder: Solomon’s a-‘maize’-ing story

“I know I have proven that I can farm successfully. All I want is to be able to settle on a farm and be allowed to produce food. That is what farming is all about.”

Solomon Masango (36) is a young farmer who grew up in the Carolina district and has a truly amazing story to tell.

He currently farms on a hired stretch of land just north of Carolina that he is transforming from nothing to one of the healthiest and potentially best yielding maize and soy fields per hectare in the district.

The pride and knowledgeable enthusiasm with which Solomon shows off his 90 ha maize crop and 90 ha soy bean crop is a tell-tale sign that his dream of becoming a commercial farmer is well within his reach, given the right opportunity and support. He also has a herd of cattle grazing on the farm.

Things didn’t come easily for Solomon. He has had to stand up against some unpleasant red tape and obstacles put in his way, but his tenacity and will to farm has already earned him the title of “Farmer of the Year”.

Solomon’s story began seven years ago when the Ubuhle Uyazenzela Communal Property Association (CPA), of which he is a member, acquired a farm in a land claim settlement.

He then made an application to work the land, which at that time was lying fallow.

From the outset he made it clear that he did not want to farm on the property for free, so that the other members would be able to receive dividends.

In 2009 he started working on a 50 ha section of the farm with one tractor. He hired only one guard and they worked day and night, rotating day and night shifts between them.

When government authorities saw the progress Solomon was making with the meagre means at his disposal, they stepped in and assisted him with two more tractors, along with two drivers.

Initially the yield was only 20 bags of maize per hectare. With hard work and sheer determination, Solomon used the money from the 2009 crop to buy a second tractor for himself. This enabled him to work only during the day and in 2010 he increased the hectares to 100.

By 2011 he was able to buy a third tractor and was now working 200 ha, producing an average of 3.5 tonnes per hectare.

The following year he received an offer of financial assistance from Afgri and the Department of Agriculture, mentorship from Agri SA and expert advice from Grain SA.

In 2013 he was able to hire more employees and equipment and was working 300 ha with a yield of between four and five tonnes per hectare.

“Only at this stage was I able to show a small profit,” said Solomon.
Still determined to achieve more success and provide more employment opportunities, in 2015 Solomon increased the hectares to 450, now split between 300 ha soy beans and 100 ha of maize.

That same year he was voted Grain SA Farmer of the Year, but according to Solomon, this was when the problems began.

“Certain members of the CPA ordered me off that farm, because, according to them, it was making me too rich.

“I then approached the Department of Land Affairs in Ermelo and explained to them that I was being chased from the farm and I wanted to carry on farming. I told them I had the necessary equipment and was successful, so I needed land where I could farm.”

The matter was taken to court, but the CPA members who had arrived at the court by the busload managed to convince the magistrate that Solomon was using their land to make himself rich and claimed they were not benefiting financially, even though he had proof of regular payments which far exceeded the norm.
The court then ordered him to leave the farm.

Solomon left, taking his tractors and equipment with him and started over again on the adjacent farm, which he hires from the Santungane Trust. He hired some of the labourers he had worked with on the CPA farm to help him out. In addition to providing jobs, he also made his tractor and equipment available to them to work their own small tracts of land on the CPA farm where they were still officially employed.

These actions landed him in court again on charges of disobeying an eviction order.

“But luckily, this time I had a lawyer who put forward a very convincing argument.
“I told the court the people could not chase me from that farm, because I was the one that was providing food for the very people who were chasing me away.”This time the court found in favour of Solomon, but he is afraid to go back to the CPA farm for fear of intimidation.

“That’s how I ended up on the present farm. I hire the farm from the trust on a five-year lease contract.
“At first some of the members of the trust were reluctant, but they had seen how successful I had farmed on the CPA farm and I was granted permission to lease the land.”

Solomon is now looking to government to allocate a suitable farm to him on which he can carry on farming without fear of eviction.

“I know I have proven that I can farm successfully. All I want is to be able to settle on a farm and be allowed to produce food. That is what farming is all about.”

Le Lézard: Fairfax Africa – Initial Public Offering Update

TORONTO, ONTARIO–(Marketwired – Jan. 17, 2017) – Fairfax Financial Holdings Limited (TSX:FFH)(TSX:FFH.U) (“Fairfax Financial”) and Fairfax Africa Holdings Corporation (“Fairfax Africa” or the “Company”) announce that the Company has filed an amended and restated preliminary prospectus (the “preliminary prospectus”) with the securities regulatory authorities of all provinces and territories in Canada, and obtained a receipt therefor, in respect of its initial public offering (the “Offering”) of subordinate voting shares (“Subordinate Voting Shares”).

Fairfax Africa is an investment holding company. Its investment objective is to achieve long-term capital appreciation, while preserving capital, by investing in public and private equity securities and debt instruments of African businesses or other businesses with customers, suppliers or business primarily conducted in, or dependent on, Africa (“African Investments”). Generally, subject to compliance with applicable law, African Investments will be made with a view of acquiring control or significant influence positions.

Fairfax Financial has taken the initiative to create the Company. Fairfax Financial is a holding company which, through its subsidiaries, is engaged in property and casualty insurance and reinsurance and investment management.

In addition to the public offering of Subordinate Voting Shares, and as a condition to the closing of the Offering, the Company will issue to Fairfax Financial, either directly, or to one or more of Fairfax Financial’s subsidiaries, the lesser of (i) 30,000,000 multiple voting shares and (ii) 30% of the post-offering equity capital of the Company, on a private placement basis, in exchange for cash consideration from Fairfax Financial and the contribution by Fairfax Financial of its indirect interest in AFGRI Proprietary Limited (“AFGRI”). Based in South Africa, AFGRI is a leading agricultural services and food processing company with a core focus on grain commodities. Further, cornerstone investors have committed to subscribe for, on a private placement basis, approximately US$116 million of Subordinate Voting Shares. The aggregate equity commitment by the cornerstone investors, together with Fairfax Financial, is up to approximately US$416 million.

RBC Capital Markets is acting as Global Coordinator for the Offering in Canada and the United States. RBC Capital Markets, Citigroup and UBS are acting as Joint Global Coordinators and bookrunners for the Offering in EMEA and elsewhere outside of Canada and the United States. RBC Capital Markets, Citigroup, UBS, BMO Capital Markets, CIBC Capital Markets, National Bank Financial Inc., Scotiabank and TD Securities Inc. are acting as joint bookrunners for the Offering in North America, with Canaccord Genuity Corp., Cormark Securities Inc., Desjardins Capital Markets, GMP Securities L.P., Raymond James Ltd., Dundee Capital Partners and Manulife Securities Incorporated acting as co-managers.

The preliminary prospectus has not yet become final for the purpose of a distribution of securities to the public. This press release shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy, nor shall there be any sale or acceptance of an offer to buy these securities in any jurisdiction in which such offer, solicitation or sale would be unlawful prior to the time a receipt for the final prospectus or other authorization is obtained from the securities commission or similar authority in such jurisdiction. This press release is not an offer of securities for sale in the United States, and the securities may not be offered or sold in the United States absent registration or an exemption from registration. The securities have not been and will not be registered under the United States Securities Act of 1933. A copy of the preliminary prospectus is available on SEDAR at

Completion of the Company’s initial public offering is subject to the receipt of customary approvals, including regulatory approvals.


Forward-Looking Statements

This press release may contain forward-looking information within the meaning of applicable securities legislation, which reflects Fairfax Financial’s and the Company’s current expectations regarding future events. Forward-looking information is based on a number of assumptions and is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond Fairfax Financial’s or the Company’s control, that could cause actual results and events to differ materially from those that are disclosed in or implied by such forward-looking information. Such risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, failure to complete the Offering and related transactions, and the factors discussed under “Risk Factors” in the amended and restated preliminary prospectus of the Company dated January 17, 2017. Neither Fairfax Financial nor the Company undertake any obligation to update such forward-looking information, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as expressly required by applicable law.

Innovative financing needed for growth in demand for farming equipment

AFGRI, one on the largest distributors of agricultural machinery in South Africa, predicts subdued growth in the market for agricultural machinery to 2020, provided farmers can get access to financing.

The market for agricultural machinery in South Africa is expected to grow by between 3% and 5% over the next four years.
Patrick Roux, Managing Director at AFGRI Equipment, says in South Africa the growth in the market for agricultural machinery will be supported by the rapid expansion of technology that will improve yields and make farming more cost effective.

Globally, the agricultural machinery market is expected to grow at a compound annual rate of over 7% during the period 2016-2020, according to global research company Technavio.

In its latest research report on the agricultural machinery market (released in June), Technavio says globally growth will be driven by growing urbanisation, and different initiatives from governments regarding agricultural activities. Many governments, especially in developing countries, are offering credit facilities and subsidies to farmers, which help them in purchasing advanced machinery.

Roux says the growth in the market for agricultural machinery in South Africa will largely depend on cyclical factors, especially seasonal rains, whilst the consolidation in the sector due to the drought of the past few years will also play a role.
He expects a more robust growth in Africa, where the commercial farmers are less mechanised than their counterparts in South Africa. “The high demand for mechanisation will definitely play a role in the growth in the agricultural machinery market on the African continent. The vast new developments in Africa on clearing bush for arable land will force the mechanisation route for all farmers and innovative plans for structured deal making on equipment will also play a role.”

AFGRI has taken the lead with innovative finance schemes in Zambia and Uganda.
In Zambia, AFGRI’s John Deere dealership, in partnership with Zanaco and the Zambia National Farmers Union (ZNFU), provide agriculture asset finance to help farmers mechanise their operations.

In Uganda, the Abba Mechanisation Circle, through AFGRI’s Agricultural Development Services Division, provides farmers with access to mechanisation, which is purchased by AFGRI and made available to them through rental agreements.
Much more is needed in Africa to drive the agricultural sector and increased demand for agricultural equipment. To assist farmers in Africa to increase their yields through the use of modern equipment, government involvement is crucial, and so is the availability of financing for agricultural equipment, says Roux.

According to Roux, this will require the banking sector to take some calculated risks.
He says as Africa is the lowest mechanised continent, the growing demand for mechanisation will drive the market for agricultural equipment. According to the Technavio report this will be supported by the announcement that agricultural departments across the continent will allocate more than US$ 48 million in subsidies to small farmers during 2015-2017.

Roux says in some countries, notably Zambia, there is good support to make finance available for farmers to buy mechanised equipment, but the difficulty to access finance can hamper the growth rate.
Technavio expects that Asia Pacific (APAC) will continue to generate the bulk of the revenue for the global agricultural machinery market. In APAC the market is expected to reach US$74 billion by 2020 compared to US$46 billion expected in North America. APAC has a larger share of the market mainly due to the growing population in this region, which gradually boosts the demand for food. Increased mechanisation is supported by government initiatives such as subsidies for agriculture and credit availability.

In contrast to this rapid growth, the agricultural machinery market in North America has reached maturity and is expected to witness slow growth due to a decline in the price of commodities and a weak forecasted economic cycle in North America.

AFGRI joins the GAA Alliance

Thursday, September 15, 2016 – Thirty-six leading agri-business companies have today launched the Global Agri-business Alliance (GAA) in Singapore. Their aim is to collectively tackle the major environmental and social challenges facing agricultural supply chains and rural communities across the world.

Announced at the Building Sustainable Futures Forum sponsored by Olam International, the newly-formed GAA is a CEO-led private sector initiative seeking to contribute significantly to the delivery of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030, most notably SDG 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture1.

Launch member companies span continents and commodities
The companies already involved are headquartered across the world with representation from Africa, Asia, Australia, USA and South America and are involved in multiple commodities including grains, dairy, edible nuts, edible oils, pulses, rubber, sugar, as well as agro-chemicals. (*Please refer to the Appendix for the list of GAA members as at launch date, as well as quotes
from company management for reporting.)

Unique and substantial role
The GAA is unique in bringing together the companies operating closest to the ‘farmgate’ and
therefore having the greatest influence on the stewardship of natural resources and surrounding
communities, many of whom may also be employed by the sector. Member profile includes
growers and producers; traders; fertiliser, agro-chemical and seed suppliers; agri-service
providers, primary processors and agri-tech suppliers for both food and non-food crops.

David Nabarro, Special Advisor to the UN Secretary-General on the 2030 Agenda for
Sustainable Development and Climate Change, said: “Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 will change our world: eradicating poverty, tackling climate change and ensuring a prosperous, safe and healthy future for our children and grandchildren.

“The SDGs also represent investment opportunities for responsible businesses, and are essential for sustainable economic growth. Achieving the SDGs will only be possible with the full commitment of the business community, transforming their business models to deliver also social and environmental value, and working in partnership with the public sector and civil society.

“The launch of the Global Agri-business Alliance is excellent news for the SDGs”.

While many agri-companies already collaborate with non-governmental organisations, technical implementers, consumer brands and retailers, the members of the GAA will harness their collective strengths at the ‘front-line’ of agricultural production to help bring the scale and impact required to drive major change.

Members will collaborate to improve rural livelihoods and working conditions, mitigate climate
risks and manage natural capital sustainably at the landscape-level.

  1. Please  refer  to  the  Appendix  for  key  facts  pertaining  to  SDG  2

This powerful combination  will greatly improve food and nutrition security globally. In turn this will also support the delivery of SDG 1 – to end poverty in all its forms everywhere2.

Paul Polman, Chief Executive Officer of Unilever, and a member of the SDG Advocacy Group, said: “The Global Agri-business Alliance is a major step in aligning this critical sector behind the Sustainable Development Goals. We know the SDGs cannot be achieved without business and we must all go beyond our own individual supply chains towards broader sector wide and value chain approaches. The alliance can catalyse likeminded businesses and
collaborate with other business platforms to deliver the positive impact the world needs.”

Lord Mark Malloch-Brown, Chair, Business and Sustainable Development Commission commented: “Agri-business is most clearly linked to SDGs related to reducing hunger and ending poverty, but it is also critical to protecting livelihoods, achieving gender equality and fulfilling education. The companies of the Global Agri-business Alliance understand that their sector must help achieve sustainable development, but they also recognise the SDGs represent
a tremendous business opportunity. We at the Business Commission look forward to working with the GAA and its member companies to seize these opportunities and create a more inclusive,
sustainable world.”

Global Context
In providing food and raw materials, the agricultural sector employs more than 2 billion people globally, is a foundation for rural development, and underpins many economies in terms of share of GDP and employment3.

Yet, the FAO currently estimates that of the 795 million undernourished people4, about 50%5 are from smallholder farming communities, surviving off marginal lands prone to natural disasters including drought or flood. At the same time, agriculture accounts for 70% of freshwater withdrawal6 and generates 12% of all manmade greenhouse gases – or up to 25% if forestry and other land use are included7. The sector’s ability to boost productivity, minimise food losses and reduce impacts on natural resources is critical to food security and inclusive growth for a world
population projected to rise from about 7.3 billion to 8.5 billion in 20308.

Notes to the Editor:

Anti-trust statement
As participants in the GAA, the companies involved are mindful of antitrust laws and will operate within clear parameters. There shall be no discussions of competitively sensitive information, and GAA participants commit not to enter into any agreements, whether formal, informal or tacit, or concerted actions, or otherwise engage in conduct that may restrain competition. This prohibition


2 2016, 18 August. Goal 1: No poverty. Retrieved from
3 2016, 18 August. Creating a Sustainable Food Future: Interim Findings. Retrieved from
4 Food and Agricultural Organization of the United States. (2015). The State of Food Insecurity in the World
5 2016, 18 August. Who are the hungry? Retrieved from
6 2016, 18 August. Water uses. Retrieved from
7 Intergovernmental Plan on Climate Change. (2014). Climate Change 2014 – Mitigation of Climate Change. 5) IPCC Working
Group III AR5 (2014) Chapter 11. Agriculture, Forestry, and Other Land Use (AFOLU), Available
online: chapter11.pdf (Last accessed 09/04/2015)

includes the exchange of competitively sensitive information, including but not limited to prices, rates, coverage, market practices, claims settlement practices, customers or any other competitive aspect of an individual company’s operation. Each participant is obligated to prevent any discussion from falling outside these bounds.

Trade and other transactional issues
Trade and other transactional issues that fall under the purview of existing trade bodies in the sector will not be addressed by the GAA.

About the Building Sustainable Futures Forum
The Building Sustainable Futures Forum is sponsored by Olam with the aim of convening the agri sector to help support the delivery of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly in improving global agricultural systems as referred under SDG2: “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture”. Speakers and moderators include: Ms Hoonae Kim, Director, Asia and the Pacific Region, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD); Dr Pavan Sukhdev, natural capital economist; Jeremy Oppenheim, Founder & Managing Partner of SYSTEMIQ and Programme Director, Business & Sustainable Development Commission; Dr Andrew Steer, Chief Executive Officer at the World Resources Institute; Peter Bakker, President of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD); Dr Peter White, CFO, WBCSD; David Shukman, Science Editor BBC, and Alejandro Litovsky, Founder and CEO of the Earth Security Group.


I) List of GAA members at launch date (alphabetical order)

No. Company  Name Headquartered
1 AFGRI South  Africa
2 Agrocorp  International  Pte  Ltd Singapore
3 Agropalma  Group Brazil
4 Balsu  Gida Turkey
5 Besana  Group UK
6 Bidco  Africa  Ltd Kenya
7 Chellam  Plantations  Group Malaysia
8 Export  Trading  Group  (ETG) Tanzania
9 Flour  Mills  of  Nigeria  PLC Nigeria
10 Golden-Agri  Resources  Ltd Singapore
11 Greenyield  Berhad Malaysia
12 Groupe  Mimran Senegal
13 Groupe  SIFCA The  Ivory  Coast
14 GURSOY  Tarimsal  Ürünler  Gida  Sanayi  ve  Ticaret  A.S. Turkey
15 Hakan  Agro  DMCC UAE
16 Halcyon  Agri  Corporation Singapore
18 Indian  Oilseeds  and  Produce  Export  Promotion  Council  (IOPEPC) India
19 Lewis  M.  Carter  Manufacturing  Inc. US
20 Markham  Agro  Pte  Ltd Singapore
21 Minanga  Group Indonesia
22 Mitsubishi  Corporation Japan
23 Musim  Mas  Group Singapore
24 MWT  Foods Australia
25 Olam  International Singapore
26 PureCircle  Ltd Malaysia
27 Reliable  Cashew  Company  Pvt.  Ltd. India
28 SABIC Saudi  Arabia
29 Sime  Darby  Group Malaysia
30 The  Richard  Franco  Agency US
31 Triputra  Agro  Persada Indonesia
32 Univanich  Palm  Oil  PCL Thailand
33 Vijayalaxmi  Cashew  Company India
34 Von  Bundit  Co.  Ltd. Thailand
35 Willowton  Group South  Africa
36 Wilmar  International  Limited Singapore

II) Quotes from select GAA members (alphabetical order)


“At AFGRI we are passionate about being an enabler to food security across the African continent, as such our support of the GAA puts us another step closer to fulfilling our chosen mandate.” ~ Chris Venter, Chief Executive Officer of AFGRI
Agrocorp International Pte Ltd:
“The agriculture and food production sector is one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases across industries. While we serve a vital need in producing and transporting food around the world, it is important to ensure that we do so in a sustainable manner. This means employing efficient production practices and supply chain control and to work together with one another to promote wider adoption of these practices. This is why groups coming together, like the GAA, are so important and we aim to take an active role.” ~ Vijay Iyengar, Chairman and Managing Director of Agrocorp International

Agropalma Group:
“Networking, interaction, commitments, sustainable investments and policies: the Global Agri-business Alliance is the new platform for frontrunners interested in gathering to build momentum for an inclusive and responsible economy in the food and non-food value chain.” ~ Marcello Brito, Chief Executive Officer of Agropalma

Balsu Gida:
“The GAA initiative brings together different parties from the agri-business sector and provides a wide platform of opportunity to discuss, address and execute on a plan for a sustainable future for the food industry. The GAA will fill a crucial gap in coordination between all the stakeholders to bring sustainable solutions.” ~ H Cuneyd Zapsu, Chairman of Balsu Gida

Besana Group:
“The nut and dried fruit sector is today global and becoming more and more important. High-level scientific research has confirmed the healthiness of nuts and dried fruit in the daily diet, and certified quality that starts in the field is a “must” in our international agriculture business over five continents. This means respect for the environment, sustainability for farmers and high food safety for consumers, with an eye towards the impact of climate change. We therefore welcome the initiative and the mission of the Global Agri-Business Alliance (GAA) as a very important step towards global development.” ~Giuseppe Calcagni, President of Besana
Bidco Africa Ltd:
“The Global Agri-business Alliance is an active movement by companies that recognise the potential of using demand-driven smallholder farming to end poverty and hunger by building inclusive value chains. This is the kind of commitment we need and must have from the private sector to achieve the SDGs.” ~ Vimal Shah, Chief Executive Officer of Bidco Africa
Chellam Plantations Group:
“Ignoring engagement on the issue of sustainability is a myopia that could damage the perceived
integrity of palm oil and its derivatives. The battle to sustainability is a long and difficult one, involving
cooperation of many parties throughout the entire palm oil value chain. But it is also unavoidable as
with education, technology and media, people have become global citizens. The key to surviving this
battle will be to embrace it.” ~ Venkata Chellam, Managing Director of Chellam Plantations Group

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Back row, second from left: Jacob de Villiers the AFGRI representative from AFGRI Grain Management


AFGRI extends financial services offering to Northern Cape

AFGRI, the leading agricultural services, food processing and grain commodities company, is expanding its financial services offering through a working relationship between UNIGRO Financial Services and KLK Landbou.

UNIGRO Financial Services, one of the businesses in AFGRI’s financial portfolio, is spreading its wings to the Northern Cape in line with its strategy to expand beyond the areas where it is currently doing business.

Early in 2016 a working relationship with Northern Cape-based KLK Landbou Limited was established. This relationship was put into place to enhance KLK’s offering to their clients and to enable KLK to supplement their services through UNIGRO’s relationships with various insurers. This co-operation is now being expanded to include UNIGRO’s lending products.

UNIGRO not only provides crop insurance, covering hail, extended hail, wind, transit, fire, frost and multi-peril, but also asset insurance, health, wealth management and planning, medical aid as well as credit life insurance which provides farmers with security against production loans.

Traditional lending products such as term loans, hire purchases and production loans are augmented by innovative financial solutions such as UNIGRO’s revolving credit facility.

Theo Potgieter, Insurance Director at UNIGRO, says the agreement offers new opportunities to both entities. “UNIGRO together with KLK will be able to expand its crop insurance and asset insurance offering to established as well as emerging farmers in the region, whilst KLK will have the opportunity to target large corporate clients with the assistance of UNIGRO. The working relationship will place emphasis on the KLK clients especially those not insured via KLK”.

The agreement with KLK was followed in February by the establishment of a working relationship between UNIGRO and Indwe Risk Services, a leading personal, business and specialist risk and insurance advisory business.

This agreement allows Indwe access to UNIGRO’s expertise in agricultural insurance and financial products, while UNIGRO will gain by utilising Indwe’s full range of risk advisory services.

Potgieter says the collaboration with Indwe creates an opportunity for UNIGRO to expand into Africa through Indwe’s Allied Africa Broker Network, an integrated network of independently African-owned and operated short-term insurance brokers.

As a parting comment, Potgieter indicated that in hard times, such as those currently being experienced in the agricultural sector, purchases such as insurance and cover, are often the first areas to be cut back, unfortunately to the detriment of the farmer, should anything unforeseen happen. “In times like this, it is much better to approach your broker or relationship manager, and discuss possible options, rather than cancel policies and cover outright,” said Potgieter.

The Sunday Mail/Financial Mail – The great chicken rip-off…A third of frozen chickens are just water

SHOPPERS are having the feathers pulled over their eyes when it comes to the R39 billion (US$2,7 billion) per year poultry industry. Chickens are big business in South Africa. Every day, more than 2,7 million chickens are eaten in South Africa — more than one billion a year — making it the most popular and lowest-cost animal protein money can buy.

The vast majority of these chickens, 90 percent, are sold in the form of individually quick-frozen portions, such as drumsticks, thighs and wings, in retailers like Shoprite, Pick ‘n’ Pay and Spar.

But in many cases, 30 percent of what consumers pay for when they buy frozen chickens is simply water, thanks to the controversial practice of “brining”.

If “brining” sounds like a complicated procedure, it’s not: it is simply injecting a salt-water solution with flavourants into the chickens before they are frozen, ostensibly to make them look plumper.

Injected salt solution makes it look better. Walk along the frozen-food aisles of Shoprite, for example, and you will see Rainbow frozen chicken or Astral’s Tender n Tasty Goldi chicken — both with only 70 percent chicken and 30 percent brine, going for around R30/kg.

Most shoppers don’t know they are not getting all they are paying for — a situation made worse by cynical marketers, who have tried to muddy the waters by slapping the label “moisture-enhanced” on the brined chickens.

But is there any need for brining in the first place? Or is it simply a device used by chicken producers, who are under siege from a flood of imports, to protect their margins?

The answer depends largely on who you speak to.

Critics say it is a cynical device used by producers, like the JSE-listed Sovereign Foods and Astral, to plump up their profits and protect themselves from a flood of overseas imports.

On the other side, the producers claim that brine is both a “tenderiser” and “flavour enhancer” that provides a distinct taste and tenderness to chicken pieces. Brining, they say, replaces the moisture lost through the freezing process.

The evidence doesn’t support this.

Maphuti Kutu of Tshwane University of Technology, conducted research that found that injecting small quantities of brine — between only five percent and 10 percent — improved the succulence and flavour of chicken.

There is no scientific justification for the much higher levels of brining we see in South African chicken. This is why some countries, like Brazil, have banned brining entirely. Others limit brining to eight percent of the chicken’s weight nearly a quarter of the standard for South Africa’s chicken.

South Africa has had no such rules until now. From October, new regulations will come into force, imposing a cap of 15 percent brine on individually quick-frozen portions of chicken and 10 percent on whole chickens.

Intuitively, it may seem good for consumers, but the industry is up in arms and has gone to court to stop it happening.

The SA Poultry Association — a 112-year-old organisation populated by the industry establishment, including Astral and Quantum Foods says the new rules will make chicken “unaffordable” for the poor.

Kevin Lovell, the CEO of the association, says the new rules on brining will be a body blow for the sector, causing unemployment to spike in an industry already battling to compete with imports. Lovell says the government simply ignored the industry’s views on the beneficial effects of brining.

“Besides the potentially devastating results on local poultry production and the jobs that depend on it‚ this constitutes an assault on the poor of SA who will now find the price of individually quick frozen chicken unaffordable,” he says. That’s self-serving bunkum, says David Wolpert, the CEO of the Association of Meat Importers & Exporters of SA.

“Brining has resulted in the local poultry industry plumping up their profits by exploiting consumers with up to 40 percent salt water,” Wolpert says.

If anything, he argues, the government (through the department of agriculture, forestry & fisheries) has followed international best practice, taking a stand for “fairness, integrity and common sense” in curbing brining.

And while the poultry producers are frantically spinning the story that consumers will be hurt by these new rules, the opposite is true.

“The new regulations protect consumers’ pockets and, according to many experts, their health. The poultry association’s claim that this would render chicken unaffordable for the poor and shrink the local poultry sector is breathtaking in its utter gall,” Wolpert says. He doesn’t beat around the bush, adding: “People want chicken for their chicken. Salt-water and spin doesn’t feed a family.”

There is an important context to the brining debate, however.

South Africa’s poultry industry has sold the story to the public that it’s teetering on the brink of collapse, and that without being allowed to brine chickens to bulk up their per kilogram weight, its sustainability is at risk. To some extent, they’re right.

Chicken imports are growing rapidly, as countries with dismal economies have sought to dump loads of chickens into receptive markets like South Africa.

Chris Schutte, CEO of South Africa’s biggest chicken producer, Astral Foods, says the problem of dumping arose because customers in some countries only want the breast meat.

This means poultry producers in those countries seek to dump the other parts, like drumsticks and feet, in countries where there is a market at knockdown prices.

Schutte says more than 7,7 million birds were imported into South Africa each week over the past six months. That is about 40 percent of South Africa’s total production of 19 million birds a week. But it comes after a particularly bruising 2015, when poultry imports shot up 21,6 percent to 478 447 tonnes. Imports rose 13 percent this May from April and by an astounding 44 percent year-on-year.

The main source is Brazil, which accounts for 43 percent of all poultry brought into South Africa, followed by the Netherlands (17 percent), and the UK (10 percent). The other 30 percent comes from the US, Argentina, Spain, Ireland and other European Union countries. Schutte says the steep rise in imports means Astral has to introduce “more severe” production cutbacks to manage oversupply.

“The impact of the planned production cutbacks will unfortunately negatively affect the labour force due to the reduction in hours to be worked,” he says.

The impact is devastating: some SA poultry producers are already shutting their doors, or going into business rescue. Add to the mix the severe drought that ripped through the country over the past year and it paints a desolate picture.

The drought meant the price of yellow maize, which is about half the cost of feeding a chicken, has doubled within the past year. Considering that chicken feed is about 65 percent of the cost of rearing a chicken, it was a severe body blow.

Faced with these headwinds, it is no surprise Astral’s share price shed 25 percent in the past year, RCL Foods lost 16 percent and Quantum Foods nine percent. Sovereign, facing internal corporate governance upheavals, gained nine percent.

Scott Pitman, MD of RCL’s consumer division, says imports of frozen poultry continue to grow exponentially, despite the rand having weakened by more than 50 percent over the past seven years, tariffs being imposed on non-EU imports and anti-dumping measures on some EU countries.

Pitman warns, alarmingly, that the SA chicken industry may not be able to survive in its current form for more than eight to 12 months.

“Certainly, the 100 000-plus people employed in the chicken industry — and the dependent maize growing industry — have a lot to lose if a swift and firm solution is not reached very soon,” he says.

It’s a tricky debate, considering government is loath to intervene with international trade agreements; but it can hardly afford to have an already large number of retrenched workers swell further.

On the other side of the coin, imported chickens would help reduce grocery costs — a boon for the man-in-the-street. Amid this industry meltdown, the poultry industry understandably appears to be pulling out every trick in the book to protect itself. This includes spinning the story that imported chicken is “inferior”.

Says Wolpert: “The SA Poultry Association continuously and hysterically attempts to discredit imported chickens as waste, knowing full well that imported chicken quality is far superior to the local equivalent that is literally swimming in water.”

What is clear is that South Africa can expect even more chicken imports. This includes a likely 65 000 tonnes of frozen chicken from the US.

A stand-off between South Africa and America over these chicken imports in the past few months threatened SA’s preferential access to US markets through the African Growth & Opportunity Act.

President Barack Obama’s administration wanted South Africa to remove “anti-dumping duties” on US chicken parts, which had been in place since 2000. South Africa’s trade & industry minister Rob Davies eventually relented, clearing the way for the resumption of US chicken imports into SA, in what he described as a “patriotic sacrifice”.

Besides American chicken, South Africa could also now face a flood from Poland, one of the largest EU producers.

In June, Poland’s deputy minister of agriculture & rural development, Jacek Bogucki, visited South Africa and flew back with a veterinary health certificate giving the green light for chicken to be imported within months.

“The agreement entails the unlocking of the SA market for import of Polish poultry meat — bone-in and mechanically deboned meat, as well as offal,” says Andrzej Krezel, head of the Polish trade & investment promotion section in Johannesburg.

However, Poland, significantly, doesn’t allow any brining of chicken, Krezel says.

Magdalena Rowinska, senior specialist in the foreign affairs office of Poland’s agricultural market agency, says Polish chicken is 30 percent cheaper than the EU average.

But even if the industry is indeed on its knees, duping consumers about brining is not justified. Intriguingly, not all the producers are speaking with one voice on this issue.

RCL, the second-largest chicken producer, which owns Rainbow and Farmer Brown, supports the new regulations. “We support brining as it does maintain the succulence and flavour of the chicken once frozen. However, we believe in brining at levels below what the rest of the industry deems acceptable (and by which) consumers ultimately get more water and less chicken for what they pay,” says Pitman.

With a frankness many of his rivals would do well to match, Pitman says consumers “have a right not to be misled by the excessive addition of brine”.

“We believe taking this stance is in the best interests of SA consumers, as many raise families with chicken as their main protein,” he adds.

Pitman says the cheaper imported frozen chicken products have less brine than many domestic equivalents, are more competitively priced and are perceived by consumers to be of better value. “This means that local producers are not always able to compete,” Pitman says.

Afgri, the agricultural services and foods group, also supports the curbs on brining as “ethical, fair, reasonable and scientifically justifiable”.

However, Afgri’s food business MD Izaak Breitenbach warns that while the new regulations are necessary, the “massive distress” among producers as a result of the dual economic crunch of drought and imported chicken means it’s not the right time to implement them. “It is the wrong time for this to be implemented companies have massive losses. I would think 80 percent of the industry is in a material loss situation,” he says.

Still, it’s hard to see how lower levels of brining which would mean consumers getting more chicken for their rand can be bad for the man in the street.

But Breitenbach says the new brining rules will lead to a 15 percent rise in the cost of frozen chicken pieces. Wolpert agrees that this will be so ultimately, but says producers won’t necessarily have to take a hit as a result.B“All that is required is smaller packs with current chicken levels and less water.”

The SA National Consumer Union says the only purpose of brining is to make consumers believe they are buying a cheaper product. It’s an effect you can replicate by simply marinating chicken, they point out.BIt all comes down to one issue: is South Africa’s chicken market sufficiently competitive to survive without gimmicks like brining?

To many, the answer is no: high food costs, escalating electricity costs and a crowded market mean the cost of producing a chicken is too high.

Wolpert last year characterised the chicken sector as an “increasingly desperate industry aiming to punish SA consumers for its own business woes caused predominantly by its own failings, created by adhering rigidly to a faulty business plan”.

Thabi Nkosi, the chief economist for Agri SA, said on radio recently the country can’t be trying to protect local industry against imports. Instead: “The discussion should be about making them competitive, creating economies of scale and seeing how we can bring down feed costs.”

Of course it isn’t that simple. But cutting out brining is one way to bring a new level of honesty into these discussions.